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Visitors in
The Ruhr: built on energy

RecShow '08

Middle East Recycling, Waste & Environmental
Management Exhibition & Congress

Successfully Concluded on Feb. 19th , 2008


Application for Participation (PDF)
Download Full Brochure (PDF)

Hazardous Waste Characteristics in Baghdad
Pilot Study: Hospital Waste

Dr. Dheyaa Wajid Abbood
Al-Mustansiryiah University-Engineering College.
Bab-AL Muathem - P.O.14150,
Baghdad, Iraq

Infectious waste in hospital is generated during the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities in these fields or in the production or testing of biological. It may include wastes like sharps, soiled waste, disposables, anatomical waste, cultures, discarded medicines, chemical wastes, etc. These are in the form of disposable syringes, swabs, bandages, body fluids, human excreta, etc.

This waste is highly infectious and can be a serious threat to human health if not managed in a scientific and discriminate manner. It has been meanly determined that of the 100 kg of waste generated in a hospitals in Baghdad at range 16-28 kg would be infected.

During 2002 and 2006, six governmental hospitals in Baghdad were covered, included Baghdad teaching,Al-Shaheid Adnan,Al-Mansor, Al-Qadsiya, Al-Amam Ali and Ibn Al-baldi hospital. Not only the annual medical waste generation rate and its composition but also generation of some indicators correlating waste generation and hospital capacity were the objectives of the study. Therefore, the security situation, number of beds, occupancy rate of the beds, number of employees and staff, amount of medical waste and household waste generated per day, fuel consumption for heating, collection, deposition, transportation, and disposal of wastes, recycling applied, incineration plant capacity if available were questioned during the survey. In the composition research, amount and type of wastes generated were quantified together with number of patients per day, number of surgeries per day, number of births, number of x-ray photography and number of laboratory tests.

The main conclusion from this study is infection diseases and illnesses have already increased by 48% due to terrorisms and violent accidents and an accumulation of health issues, no system of hospital waste management in Baghdad, a lack of knowledge among health staffs, a lack of necessary supplies and facilities and a lack of connections among different ministries.

Organized by: Walid Hikmat

RAK, United Arab Emirates

Tel: +971 50 374 0617

E-Mail   :  


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